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This information is about endometriosis, a prevalent and often misunderstood condition affecting individuals of reproductive age. Our objective is to provide clear and concise guidance to aid in understanding the complexities of endometriosis, identifying contributing factors to its development, and exploring effective strategies for managing symptoms and improving quality of life.

What is Endometriosis? 

Endometriosis is a chronic condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus. This tissue can cause inflammation, scarring, and pain, especially during menstruation. 


Symptoms of endometriosis can vary from person to person, but common signs include: 

  • Pelvic pain: Pain before and during periods, pelvic pain during intercourse, or chronic pelvic pain. 

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding or irregular periods. 

  • Painful bowel movements or urination, especially during menstruation. 

  • Infertility or difficulty getting pregnant. 

  • Fatigue and gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea, constipation, or bloating.


The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown, but several factors may contribute to its development, including: 

  • Retrograde menstruation: Backward flow of menstrual blood into the pelvic cavity instead of exiting the body. 

  • Immune system disorders: Abnormal immune responses may allow endometrial cells to implant and grow outside the uterus. 

  • Hormonal factors: Estrogen may promote the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. 

  • Researchers are now beginning to look at environmental causes being responsible for the increase in numbers of women being diagnosed with endometriosis. 


Diagnosing endometriosis typically involves: 

  • Medical history: Discussion of symptoms, menstrual patterns, and family history. 

  • Pelvic examination: Physical examination to check for abnormalities, tenderness, or masses in the pelvic area. 

  • Imaging tests: specialised ultrasound or MRI scans to visualize pelvic structures. 

  • Laparoscopy: Minimally invasive surgical procedure to view the pelvic organs and confirm the presence of endometrial tissue. 

Treatment & Medications: 

Treatment for endometriosis aims to manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Options may include: 

  • Pain relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, or prescription medications to manage pain. 

  • Hormonal therapies: Birth control pills, hormonal IUDs, or other hormonal medications to reduce endometrial response to menstrual cycles.Surgery: Laparoscopic surgery to remove endometrial implants, scar tissue, or cysts. 


Endometriosis is a chronic condition that requires ongoing management. While there is no cure for endometriosis, many women can effectively manage their symptoms with proper treatment and support. 

How Bondi Road Doctors Can Help: 

At Bondi Road Doctors, we offer comprehensive care and support for women with endometriosis. Our experienced healthcare providers can diagnose endometriosis, develop personalized treatment plans, and provide ongoing management with gynaecologists to help you manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. 

Whether you need pain management, hormonal therapy, or surgical intervention, we're here to help you navigate your endometriosis journey.  

To ensure you receive the best care for endometriosis, our experienced doctors are available for appointments. The following doctors have a particular interest in the condition: 


Dr. Belinda Watson - Book Now 

Dr Catherine Insley - Book Now 

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