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Genital Herpes

This information is about genital herpes, a prevalent condition affecting many individuals, particularly those who are sexually active. Our objective is to provide clear and concise guidance to aid in understanding the complexities of genital herpes, identifying contributing factors to its transmission, and exploring effective strategies for managing symptoms, reducing outbreaks, and promoting overall sexual health and well-being.

What is Genital Herpes?

Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of HSV: HSV-1, which typically causes milder herpes (cold sores around the mouth), and HSV-2, which primarily causes genital herpes. Genital herpes is characterized by painful sores or blisters on or around the genital area. However, over the last 30 years, herpes 1 and 2 can be commonly as the cause of cold sores on the face and also in the genital area. 


Symptoms of genital herpes may include: 

  • Painful sores or blisters on or around the genitals, buttocks, or thighs 

  • Itching or tingling sensation in the affected area 

  • Pain or discomfort during urination 

  • Flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, or swollen lymph nodes 


Genital herpes is primarily transmitted through sexual contact with an infected individual, especially during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. HSV can be spread from some infected individuals even when there are no visible sores or symptoms. Some people can be infectious even when they have no symptoms and many people unaware they have ever been infected. 


Diagnosing genital herpes may involve: 

  • Physical examination: Healthcare providers may visually inspect the genital area for signs of sores or blisters. 

  • Laboratory tests: Testing samples of fluid from the sores or blood tests can confirm the presence of HSV and determine the type of virus. 

Treatment & Medications: 

While there is no cure for genital herpes, antiviral medications can help manage symptoms and reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks. Treatment options may include: 

  • Antiviral medications: Oral antiviral medications such as acyclovir, valacyclovir, or famciclovir can help suppress the virus and shorten the duration of outbreaks. 

  • Pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help alleviate discomfort associated with genital herpes sores. 


Genital herpes is a chronic condition that can cause recurrent outbreaks throughout a person's life. With proper management and medication, most individuals with genital herpes can lead healthy and fulfilling lives. Most people experience less frequent and less severe symptoms with time. Condoms can offer some protection so it's important to practice safe sex and disclose your herpes status to sexual partners before stopping condom use. 

How Bondi Road Doctors Can Help: 

At Bondi Road Doctors, we offer comprehensive care and support for individuals managing genital herpes. Our experienced healthcare providers can assess your symptoms, provide accurate diagnosis and treatment options, and offer guidance on managing your condition. 

Whether you're seeking medication management, advice on preventing transmission, or support for coping with genital herpes, we're here to help.  

To ensure you receive the best care for genital herpes, our experienced doctors are available for appointments. The following doctors have a particular interest in the condition. The following doctors have a particular interest in the condition: 

Dr. David Baker - Book Now 

Dr David Krukielis - Book Now

Dr Catherine Insley - Book Now

Dr Belinda Watson - Book Now

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