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Sexually Transmitted Infections

This information is about sexually transmitted infections (STIs), a prevalent concern for many individuals, particularly those engaging in unprotected sexual activity. Our objective is to provide clear and concise guidance to aid in understanding the complexities of STIs, identifying contributing factors to their transmission, and exploring effective strategies for prevention, testing, and treatment to ensure overall sexual health and well-being.

What are Sexually Transmitted Infections? 

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that are typically transmitted through sexual contact. These infections can affect anyone who is sexually active, regardless of age, gender, or sexual orientation.​


Symptoms of sexual health infections may vary depending on the specific infection. Some infections can be present without obvious symptoms which can delay treatment, risk further spread and cause future health problems. Symptoms can include: 

  • Genital itching, burning, or discomfort 

  • Pain or discomfort during urination or sex 

  • Unusual genital discharge 

  • Sores, bumps, or blisters on the genitals or around the mouth 

  • Pain or swelling in the genital area 

  • Flu-like symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, or swollen lymph nodes 


Sexual health infections are caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites that are transmitted through sexual activity, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Common causes include: 

  • Bacterial infections, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis 

  • Viral infections, such as herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), HIV, and hepatitis 

  • Parasitic infections, such as trichomoniasis and pubic lice (crabs)


Diagnosing sexual health infections may involve: 

  • Physical examination: Healthcare providers may examine the genital area for signs of infection, such as sores, discharge, or genital warts. 

  • Laboratory tests: Samples of blood, urine, genital swabs, or tissue may be collected and tested for the presence of infection-causing organisms. 

Treatment & Medications: 

Treatment for sexual health infections varies depending on the specific infection but may include: 

  • Antibiotics: Bacterial infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis can often be treated with antibiotics. 

  • Antiviral medications: Viral infections such as herpes, HIV, and hepatitis may require antiviral medications to manage symptoms and prevent complications. 

  • Medications to relieve symptoms: Pain relievers, topical creams, may be recommended to alleviate discomfort associated with certain infections. 


The prognosis for sexual health infections varies depending on factors such as the type of infection, promptness of diagnosis and treatment, and individual health status. While many sexual health infections can be effectively treated with appropriate medical care, some may require ongoing management or may have long-term health consequences if left untreated. 


Prompt treatment if you have symptoms, use of condoms, and regular screening make a huge impact on the impact on your long-term health. Some STIs can be prevented even after high-risk behaviours, so it's always worth exploring the options as soon as possible after the exposure. People with proven STIs are strongly advised to contact recent partners so that they can be tested and treated. 

How Bondi Road Doctors Can Help: 

At Bondi Road Doctors, we offer comprehensive sexual health services to help you prevent, diagnose, and treat sexual health infections. Our experienced healthcare providers can provide confidential testing, diagnosis, and treatment for a wide range of sexual health infections. We also offer counselling, education, and support to help you make informed decisions about your sexual health. 

Whether you need testing, treatment, or advice on preventing sexual health infections, we're here to provide compassionate care and support every step of the way. Contact Bondi Road Doctors today to schedule a sexual health consultation and take control of your sexual health. 

To take the first step toward ensuring your sexual health and well-being, our experienced doctors at Bondi Road Doctors are available for appointments. We understand the importance of addressing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) promptly and providing compassionate care to all patients. The following doctors have a particular interest in the condition: 

Dr. Catherine Insley - Book Now 

Dr David Baker - Book Now 

Dr David Krulielis - Book Now

Dr Belinda Watson - Book Now

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