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Menopause

This information is about menopause, a significant life transition experienced by individuals typically in their late 40s to early 50s. Our objective is to provide clear and concise guidance to aid in understanding the complexities of menopause, identifying contributing factors to its symptoms and effects, and exploring effective strategies for managing menopausal symptoms and promoting overall well-being during this stage of life.

What is Menopause? 

Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of a woman's menstrual cycle and reproductive years. It typically occurs around the age of 50, but the timing can vary for each individual. In the preceding decade, oestrogen levels begin to fall and the menstrual cycle becomes less efficient and often troublesome. 

Symptoms: 

Symptoms of menopause can vary widely from person to person, but common signs include: 

  • Hot flashes: Sudden feelings of heat, often accompanied by sweating and flushing of the face and neck. 

  • Night sweats: Episodes of excessive sweating during sleep. 

  • Irregular periods: Changes in menstrual cycles, including shorter or longer periods, or skipped periods. 

  • Vaginal dryness: Decreased lubrication and discomfort during intercourse. 

  • Urinary problems. 

  • Mood changes: Mood swings, irritability, anxiety, or depression. 

  • Sleep disturbances: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.

Causes:

Menopause occurs when the ovaries gradually produce less estrogen and progesterone, leading to the end of menstrual cycles and fertility. This decline in hormone production is a natural part of aging and eventually results in menopause. 

Diagnosis:

Diagnosing menopause is based on symptoms and the absence of menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months. In some cases, blood tests may be performed to measure hormone levels, although they are not typically necessary for diagnosis. 

Treatment & Medications: 

Treatment for menopause focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. Options may include: 

  • Hormone therapy: Estrogen therapy or combined estrogen-progestin therapy to alleviate symptoms such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness. 

  • Non-hormonal medications: Antidepressants, gabapentin, or other medications to help manage hot flashes and mood changes. 

  • Lifestyle modifications: A healthy diet, regular exercise, stress management, and avoiding triggers such as caffeine and alcohol can help reduce symptoms. 

Prognosis: 

Menopause is a natural transition in a woman's life and is not a disease. Some women do not experience any troublesome symptoms where others are debilitated. While symptoms can be bothersome, they typically improve over time as the body adjusts to hormonal changes. Most women experience relief from symptoms within a few years of reaching menopause. Treatment is a personal choice and only some women are advised not to use HRT due to risk factors for heart disease, stroke, history of oestrogen dependent cancers and thrombosis. There are also some non hormonal treatment options for specific symptoms. 

How Bondi Road Doctors Can Help: 

At Bondi Road Doctors, we offer compassionate care and support for women going through menopause. Our experienced healthcare providers can help you manage symptoms, explore treatment options, and navigate this transitional phase with confidence. 

Whether you need medication management, hormone therapy, or lifestyle recommendations, we're here to support you every step of the way.  

To ensure you receive the best care for menopause, our experienced doctors are available for appointments. The following doctors have a particular interest in the condition: 

Dr. Belinda Watson - Book Now 

Dr. Catherine Insley - Book Now 

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